The True Color of Ancient Sea Creatures
2014-01-12 09:55:22 UTC
Looking a bit like a dolphin, but with a long slim snout filled with pointy teeth, one species of ichthyosaur was practically invisible in the murky depths of Jurassic seas, thanks to dark pigmentation that covered its entire body. That’s one conclusion of a new study that provides an unprecedented peek at the coloration of sea creatur...
Bacteria Lay Out Welcome Mat for Tubeworms
2014-01-12 09:49:23 UTC
Although they remain firmly attached to rocks on the sea floor and other surfaces for most of their lives, ocean-dwelling tubeworms spend their early days as free-swimming larvae, looking for a place to call home. A key factor in their decision to latch on somewhere is the presence of certain bacteria. Now, researchers have discovered ...
Potentially record-setting cold to start Sunday
2014-01-05 10:21:54 UTC
SIOUX FALLS, S.D. (AP) — Bitterly cold temperatures blowing into the Midwest and Northeast in the coming days are likely to set records, disrupt schools along with airports and endanger those who go outside without the proper clothing.
The frigid air will begin Sunday and last into early next week, funneled as far south as the Gulf ...
How to reveal cloudy weather on alien world?
2014-01-02 07:21:05 UTC
Weather forecasters on exoplanet GJ 1214b would have an easy job. Today's forecast: cloudy. Tomorrow: overcast. Extended outlook: more clouds. A team of scientists led by researchers in the Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Chicago report they have definitively characterized the atmosphere of a super-Earth c...
To grow or to defend: How plants decide
2014-01-02 07:21:16 UTC
Scientists have discovered how plants use steroid hormones to choose growth over defense when their survival depends on it. The findings published in the open-access scientific journal eLife could be used to engineer crops that combine size with pathogen resistance.
"A major dilemma faced by plants is whether to invest their energy ...
Global temperatures to rise at least 4°C by 2100
2014-01-02 07:10:01 UTC
Global average temperatures will rise at least 4°C by 2100 and potentially more than 8°C by 2200 if carbon dioxide emissions are not reduced according to new research published in Nature. Scientists found global climate is more sensitive to carbon dioxide than most previous estimates. The research also appears to solve one of the great...
Interview: Bharat Ratna winner CNR Rao talks about science in India and his immediate interest, artificial photosynthesis
2013-12-29 08:47:47 UTC
While India is doing well in scientific research “others are doing better and more”, says Dr Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao, better known as CNR Rao or simply Dr Science, who has just been honoured with the country’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna. The 79-year-old scientist, who is known for his work in solid state and st...
Astronauts complete rare Christmas Eve spacewalk
2013-12-24 19:35:55 UTC
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) — It's a wrap for NASA's Christmas Eve spacewalk.
Two astronauts are safely back inside the International Space Station after replacing a pump in a crippled cooling line on Tuesday. Preliminary testing shows the new pump to be working well. NASA expects to have the station's cooling system restored by this ...
Indonesia cave reveals history of ancient tsunamis
2013-12-24 07:06:24 UTC
JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) — A cave discovered near the source of Indonesia's massive earthquake-spawned tsunami contains the footprints of past gigantic waves dating up to 7,500 years ago, a rare natural record that suggests the next disaster could be centuries away — or perhaps only decades.
The findings provide the longest and most ...
Europe launches satellite to map 1 billion stars in Milky Way
2013-12-23 17:30:45 UTC
BERLIN (AP) — The European Space Agency launched its star-surveying satellite Gaia into space Thursday, hoping to produce the most accurate three-dimensional map of the Milky Way and to better understand the evolution of our galaxy.
The satellite was lifted into space from French Guiana at 6:12 a.m. (0912 GMT; 4:12 a.m. EST) aboard ...
Drug blocks HIV in lab study, human tests planned
2013-12-23 17:30:54 UTC
NEW YORK (AP) — Can an experimental drug developed to treat epilepsy block the AIDS virus? A preliminary lab study suggests it’s possible, and researchers are eager to try it in people.
Scientists experimented with the drug after uncovering details of how they believe HIV cripples the immune system to bring on AIDS.
When tested i...
Why It Snows So Much in the Frozen North
2013-12-21 07:14:08 UTC
When it doesn't show signs of stopping, most of us just mumble a few choice words and get out the snow shovel. Scientists, however, wonder where all that snow is coming from, particularly in pristine places like the Arctic. Raymond Shaw and his colleagues may have found an answer.
Here's the conundrum: Snow doesn't just materialize ...
China to launch moon rock-collecting probe in 2017
2013-12-16 07:46:44 UTC
BEIJING (AP) — China said Monday its plan to launch its fifth lunar probe in 2017 with the aim of bringing lunar soil and rock samples to Earth was on track after a successful moon landing of another space probe over the weekend.
The Chang'e 5 mission would mark the third and final phase of China's robotic lunar exploration program ...
Iran: Second monkey sent into space
2013-12-14 11:04:22 UTC
TEHRAN, Iran (AP) — Iran said Saturday it has successfully sent a monkey into space for a second time, part of an ambitious program aimed at manned space flight.
Iran's state TV said that the launch of the rocket dubbed Pajohesh, or Research in Farsi, was Iran's first use of liquid fuel and reached a height of 120 kilometers (72 mil...
Geminid meteor shower ramps up Friday night
2013-12-12 09:18:52 UTC
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) — It's time for the December sky show.
The annual Geminids (JEM'-i-nids) meteor shower — the most intense of the year — will peak Friday night. But the best viewing may be early Saturday, once the moon sets. Between 100 and 120 meteors are expected every hour at peak time. But scientists say the bright moon...
NASA: Ancient Mars lake may have supported life
2013-12-10 07:20:34 UTC
LOS ANGELES (AP) — NASA's Curiosity rover has uncovered signs of an ancient freshwater lake on Mars, which scientists say could have been a perfect spot for tiny primitive organisms to flourish if they ever existed on the red planet.
The watering hole near the Martian equator existed about 3.5 billion years ago around the time when ...
Hubble Telescope best shot at learning comet fate
2013-12-03 23:11:32 UTC
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) — It's all up to Hubble.
NASA said Monday that the Hubble Space Telescope is the best bet for figuring out whether Comet ISON disintegrated during its brush with the sun last week.
A pair of solar observatories saw something emerge from around the sun following ISON's close approach on Thanksgiving Day. ...
German scientists develop warm LED light
2013-12-02 20:07:27 UTC
LEDs, or light-emitting diodes, have long been used in flashlights and bicycle lights - in applications where the main goals have been brightness and battery efficiency.
Despite its efficiency and environmental friendliness, the bluish tone of LED light has prevented it from becoming more widespread.
But a German invention employing ...
Studies provide no certainty in shipwreck search
2013-11-24 19:30:33 UTC
TRAVERSE CITY, Mich. (AP) — Five months after divers searched a remote section of Lake Michigan for a mysterious 17th century ship and retrieved a wooden slab the group leader believes is part of the vessel, it's still uncertain whether they are on the right track.
The object of the weeklong mission in June was the Griffin, built by...
Mid-Atlantic rocket launch gives East rare view
2013-11-21 06:56:55 UTC
WASHINGTON (AP) — A rocket streaked along the eastern U.S. early evening sky Tuesday in an unusual sight as NASA put a smartphone and 28 other tiny satellites into orbit.
NASA and the Air Force launched the private Minotaur rocket from Wallops Island, Va., in a test flight. The NASA launch pad is getting more use, giving more Americ...
NASA diagnosing problem on Mars rover Curiosity
2013-11-21 06:54:17 UTC
PASADENA, Calif. (AP) — The Mars rover Curiosity has temporarily stopped science observations while NASA checks out an electrical problem.
The space agency said Wednesday the voltage change was first discovered on Sunday and engineers think it might be some kind of short.
The six-wheel, nuclear-powered rover halted work as a prec...
Volcano raises new island far south of Japan
2013-11-21 06:08:23 UTC
TOKYO (AP) — A volcanic eruption has raised an island in the seas to the far south of Tokyo, the Japanese coast guard and earthquake experts said.
Advisories from the coast guard and the Japan Meteorological Agency said the islet is about 200 meters (660 feet) in diameter. It is just off the coast of Nishinoshima, a small, uninhabit...
NASA launches robotic explorer to Mars
2013-11-19 00:47:48 UTC
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) — NASA's newest robotic explorer, Maven, rocketed toward Mars on Monday on a quest to unravel the ancient mystery of the red planet's radical climate change.
The Maven spacecraft is due at Mars next fall following a journey of more than 440 million miles.
"Hey, guys, we're going to Mars!" Maven's princip...
Scientists: Oldest big cat fossil found in Tibet
2013-11-13 00:33:44 UTC
LOS ANGELES (AP) — Scientists have unearthed the oldest big cat fossil yet, suggesting the predator — similar to a snow leopard — evolved in Asia and spread out.
The nearly complete skull dug up in Tibet was estimated at 4.4 million years old — older than the big cat remains recovered from Tanzania dating to about 3.7 million years ...
Satellite hits Atlantic _ but what about next one?
2013-11-11 18:14:28 UTC
BERLIN (AP) — This time it splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean — but what about next time?
The European Space Agency says one of its research satellites re-entered the Earth's atmosphere early Monday on an orbit that passed over Siberia, the western Pacific Ocean, the eastern Indian Ocean and Antarctica.
The 1,100-kilogram (2,425...